Choir Screen Panels

This is a large screen that separates the nave of the church from the choir section of the eastern end in the church. It is from the 14th century, and found in Florence and Venice. It is made of iron and the design has many quatrefoils tied together. A quatrefoil is a four -leaf clover design. This metal work is very pretty, and we do not see much of it today, which is a shame because it is very beautiful metal work.

Head of Crozier

Below is a head of a Crozier or the head of a cane. It is from the 13th century, and was found  in southern Italy. The Crozier is shaped like the shepherd’s crook on a staff.  On the bottom part of the Crozier, there is a symbol of John Evangelist and a sign of office for a bishop abbot.  It is hard to tell on this picture but you do see the symbols on the bottom part of the Crozier, just not in detail. There is dragon facing a eagle in the middle of curve of the Crozier. The Crozier is made of ivory, and it has paint and glass on it as well. I  like the eagle facing the dragon, their glaring looks intense.

A Scene of the Capital

This is limestone statue that is showing a scene at the Capital. This is at 1175-1200, and found in Palencia. The scene is about two combatants dueling to prove that a woman did or did not commit adultery. The front of the statue (the bottom left) does not distinctly show two people fighting. But the side view of the statue (bottom right) shows a woman and a man together. I predict that those two are the adulterers.  There is more detail in the side view of the statue. The woman and man both have long, large heads. Their bodies are small and disproportionated. It was typical for artists at this time to not portray people or scenes in the right perspective.  However I am amazed though, because this is one huge chunk of limestone and it must have taken the artist a long time to sculpt it.

Horse Trapping

Below this text are remnants of horse trapping. They are Hunnish and from the 4-5th century. They were found in southwestern Russia.  On the left, the big piece is called a Chamfron, which goes between the eyes of the horse. The two thin pieces of metal are bridle mounts. These would decorate the bridle. On the right, the gold tube is a Hunnish whip or nagaika.  These horse trappings are made of  gold, copper, and bronze. They are also studded with gems. This is really decorative trapping for a horse.  I think this trapping would be used for a church celebration or for war. Today the horse trapping is probably a little less decorative. It would be expensive to use all of that gold, bronze, and gems on horse trappings.

Ciborium Fragments









This is Langobardic, and found in northern Italy. It is from the 7-8th century and made of limestone. The birds in the fragments are peacocks. There is a “S” design with three lines on top  of the “S”. It is a repetitive design on the fragment on the right. It  also looks like the fragment on the right is curved at the bottom. Most likely it was forming an arch. The fragment on the left has two peacocks eating grapes. I like these two fragments because the beautiful details of the peacocks and the “S” design.

A Garment

This garment decoration with figures is from the early Byzantine, 6th century. This garment would be hanging under an arcade. It is made out of wool linen.  The figures are hard to make out, but they look like they are dancing or carrying different objects. There is a pretty red vine design on the thin side garment that hangs vertical on the wall.  These garments were most likely decoration for a church. I would like this hanging on my wall, because I like the figures, and it reminds me of the figures that Incan or Mayan may have drawn.


This is marble fragment from  the early 4th century and found in Rome. It portrays the good shepherd specifically Jesus carrying a lamb over his shoulders.  You will see this topic in many different forms of art- stone, paintings, drawings, and on clothing.  There is so much detail in this marble fragment.  There is Jesus- his face, clothing, hands, and body shape. Then the lamb with its curly hair and hooves. There is also a huge design next to Jesus and the lamb. I think it looks like waves in the ocean. Maybe isis the Parting of the Red Sea?   Artists at this time were known for portraying biblical stories. I think that if we could see the whole wall, then it would be very detailed and beautifully sculpted, based off this marble fragment.